he process of colonization left an indelible mark on the American continent, and a clear example of this can be seen in the history of our Venezuelan cities. Today we invite you to travel through the city of Valencia. Read this article and learn about the Valencian fossils, their ancient founders and the origin of the name.
1. Where does the name Valencia come from?
It is of Roman origin and initially in its Latin sense means "courage".
2. How many Valencias are there in the world?
Since Valencia refers to "bravery", it is not surprising that there are so many places called that. There are many more than you can imagine, because the name has reached Australia, Pakistan and even the Philippines, according to what is reported in the newspaper library of the web portal Abc.es. Nothing else in Spain there are 7 places with this name and in the rest of Europe there are at least another 13. Even in the US, despite its mainly Anglo-Saxon tradition, there are at least 9 regions with this name, including Valencia Butler, Valencia of the Canyon and Valencia of San Diego.
3. What distinguishes our Venezuelan Valencia?
Undoubtedly each one is unique for multiple reasons, however when comparing them quickly, it can be noticed that in different publications the Venezuelan Valencia is recognized as the most populated of all.
4. Why was the name Valencia taken for a locality in Venezuela from the beginning?
The name was given in honor of the city of Valencia de Don Juan, located in the Province of León, Spain.
5. What differences exist between Valencia de Don Juan and Valencia "to dry"?
Valencia "a secas" is the capital of the Valencian Community, which is located in the northeast of Spain. On the contrary, Valencia de Don Juan is located northwest of León, and it is from this second that our connection in terms of names derives directly.
7. On what date was the city of Valencia founded?
As with many other cities, Valencia represents a challenge for historians, since identifying the exact moment of its foundation is not an easy task. This is so because they have not yet found a sufficient amount of documents to corroborate this fact. However, the date that by consensus is handled is that established by the historian José de Oviedo y Baños, who states that it was founded in 1555, 462 years ago.
From this assertion the new generations of historians began to add that the exact day had been March 25, but there is not enough evidence to affirm it. It is only known that that day is venerated Our Lady of the Annunciation, who has been recognized as patron saint of the Venezuelan Valencia.
8. Brief history about the foundation of Valencia:
For the time of 1551 there was a Captain in Venezuela called Vicente Díaz, who lived in neighboring lands of our current Valencia. He, who was resident in what is now Borburata, decided to make a large purchase of livestock to economically activate their town, but to his surprise the land was not suitable for raising livestock. In view of this mishap, he decides to found a herd where the city is located today, and fixes his new residence at this point. From then on the locality began to grow.
9. Other versions about the origin:
Captain Vicente Díaz founded the first herd that began to give life and order to the place, but then the area evolved to the category of villa. In relation to this emerging form of organization there is still a debate, because it is estimated that by the same date that Díaz was in full construction of the herd, a relative of the General Captain of the Province, Alonso Arias de Villasinda, had been sent to settle the same lands under the order of villa. The name of who is supposed to be the founder of Valencia under this format is Alonso Díaz Moreno. This last version is mainly defended by the historian José de Oviedo y Baños.
10. Was Valencia the capital of Venezuela?
Yes, on three occasions: 1812, 1830 and 1858. It was provisionally due to social upheavals that had to do with the War of Independence, the dissolution of the Gran Colombia and the March Revolution.
11. Who are the first inhabitants of these lands that we now call Valencia?
Before the arrival of Columbus much of the Venezuelan territory was already populated by different indigenous ethnic groups. Through different studies it has been shown that the area that we know today as Valencia was especially inhabited by Arawacos tribes.
12. What is La Venus de Tacarigua?
It is a female deity that was adored by the tribes that inhabited the current states of Aragua and Carabobo. It is anthropomorphic, symbolically represents fertility and is characterized by having large legs, a large head with large eyes, and a small torso. This venus has accompanied us in our wallets more than we think, because its symbol occupies a place in the old 10 bolivars bill. In Maracay there is a monument to this ancestral deity.
13. Are there fossils in Valencia?
Near the Lake of Valencia fossils of large mammals such as mastodons, sloths and giant armadillos have been found.
If you liked this article, help us spread all these curiosities about Valencia and share it with all lovers of Venezuelan history that you know. If you want to continue learning more about our cities you can review 12 curious facts about the history of Maracaibo and also visit our home section where you will find Venezuelan memories of all kinds.