Aqu 22, 01 / Jan 22, 17 04:43 UTC
A proposal for punishment/rehabilitation from first principles. ¶
I assume, in this, a few things. These are:
1) A healthy person will seek things that benefit them and if they benefit the group, so much the better.
This key assumption underlies all existing understanding of cooperation, competition and conflict. It's very bad news if it's wrong, so we make it axiomatic and define all who don't nest it as unhealthy. It's a necessary fudge because true altruism is too rare to examine and define, whereas greed is the most common practice that is unhealthy to the group
- The brain is the seat of all decisions, and the body and microbiome tune it chemically. There is nothing external that matters here.
(Note to theists: There may be external factors, in whatever sense you like to believe. If you wish to believe in possession, I won't say you're wrong but I will say that this proposal has nothing to say about it.)
- Criminals are therefore unhealthy but may be unhealthy for a number of reasons. However, this simplification ignores all of that. It all comes out in the wash.
Here, then, is the method.
Step 1: Neurological rehabilitation.
a) The criminal is subject to very high-res MRI and fMRI scans, plus DNA check.
The DNA check is mostly for the warrior gene, for identified medical responses, abnormal methylation and other tell-tale signs of something going wrong deep down in the biological level. The scans should help, as hyperactive or hypoactive regions might indicate problems. Behaviour-altering tumours and concussion damage can arise at any age, as well.
This level tries to bring the brain's biochemistry under control, so that the brain gets to make real choices.
In a fair number of cases, the issue won't be at this level. They'll be certified QAed and handed up a level.
Step 2: Personal therapy.
Therapy has an extremely low success rate, but I think that's because it's trying to build on broken foundations. Step 1 fixed those, so Step 2 should have a better chance of removing undesirable behaviours and turning the unremoveable ones into something more productive.
Step 3: Job Therapy
Find what work the person actually enjoys, turn it into something that pays, have the person carry out productive, meaningful work at full wages (that can't be spent yet), where the product is sold outside the prison and where the prisoner, work and "company" can continue afterwards if it turns out the person simply needs to live in a quasi-hermitage. So a prisoner can elect to extend their term as a half-way inpatient/outpatient arrangement.
Note: Maths, art, poetry, composing symphonies - these are all valid work, provided that the results are publishable, receive sponsorship or recognition, or can sell. It doesn't have to be physical, it just has to fix your reputation and give you financial support.
Those who exhibit criminal modes of thought go through the cycle again, on the assumption that something was missed.
At all points, a prisoner is treated as a person. Their conditions would follow the Norway model, as would recreation time. During treatment, they're a person where, for want of a better phrase, a silicon chip inside their head has switched to overload. Finding it and fixing it doesn't mean the person's lesser, it just means there was a cheap part. The fish might've been on weight watchers and had the wrong fats for what was needed. Who know, who cares, as long as it's fixed enough to have a decent life?
What about unintentional criminals who fell on their faces in life and survived through theft? They may well have PTSD, which this structure can lessen or fix. Same with any mental scars from their conduct. First the neurology is fixed, then the psychology, followed by removing instability and replacing it with a stable, non-exploitive career.
On leaving, the probation officer is informed of the person's direction in life, assets earned and concerns noted.
This idea probably needs fixing some, but the basis (foundations, structure, career) seems to be sound.