«The Earth is a cradle of humankind, but we can not remain in the cradle forever» К. E. Tsiolkovsky
Space travel seemed like a science fiction concept in the beginning of the last century, but scientific and technological progress had allowed humankind to send a man into space by 1961.
Nowadays, humankind has set itself ambitious goals for the development of the planets, the solar system and access to the deep space. The fast pace of technological and scientific development allows us to speculate that Mars exploration will be possible in a matter of one or two decades.
The United States, Europe and Russia, India, China,the United Arab Emirates, all have planned Martian missions that are scheduled to launch between 2020-2030. In all, there have been more than 40 missions to Mars. Some of them failed, while others completed their goals and closed. Up to date, all successful missions to Mars have been completed by four entities: NASA, Roskosmos, the European Space Agency and the Indian Space Research Organization.
In about five years, UAE and China hope to join the ranks of nations who have successfully explored Mars, while NASA and the European Space Agency (ESA) are planning ambitious missions to expand their Mars exploration capabilities.
NASA claims that if they do not interfere with any global cataclysms and killer asteroids fall, the agency will send a human to the Martian surface in the next two decades. NASA has already submitted the concept for the future Martian outpost, whose construction is scheduled to begin around the end of the 2030s.
Researched area radius is planned to be around 100 km. There will be residential modules, research centers, parking for Martian rovers and mining equipment for a team of four people. Several small nuclear reactors will supply the complex with energy. Alternatively, electricity will be generated by sun panels, however they will not be effective during Martians sand storms.
In spite of the importance of Mars exploration programs for all humankind, space agencies are facing financial and technical difficulties and often have to postpone or even cancel some programs. However, before sending an expedition to Mars, a large amount of preparatory legal and scientific work on Earth and near-Earth orbit should be done. Asgardia can contribute the creation of a new juridical reality in space and establishing a new space law that will equally protect the interest of every human being on Earth.
Space law creators will consider all past mistakes made by humankind and prepare people for a new reality while still on Earth. Space exploration must be transparent and its results must belong to all earthlings equally.
Please share your thoughts on the exploration of solar system planets. Do you think that our generation will be able to see humans stepping on Mars?